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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1999 Oct;66(4):425-30.

Meloxicam, 15 mg/day, spares platelet function in healthy volunteers.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Clinical Chemistry, Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the influence of meloxicam, a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) preferential nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, on serum thromboxane and platelet function in healthy volunteers with use of the maximum recommended daily dosage of 15 mg/day.

METHODS:

This study used an open, randomized crossover design. Indomethacin (INN, indometacin) was given as a positive control for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced inhibition of platelet function. The following variables were recorded: thromboxane B2 serum concentrations by radioimmunoassay, platelet aggregation by whole blood aggregometry in response to collagen 1.1 microg/L and to arachidonic acid 0.35 mmol/L, and closure time with use of the PFA-100.

RESULTS:

Serum thromboxane B2 at baseline was 535+/-233 nmol/L (mean +/- SD) and was reduced for 95% by indomethacin to 26+/-19 nmol/L (P < .001) and for 66% by meloxicam to 183+/-62 nmol/L (P < .001). Maximal platelet aggregation in response to collagen at baseline was 18.7+/-1.6 ohms (ohms). It was reduced by indomethacin to 7.3+/-4.5 ohms (P < .001), but not by meloxicam (19+/-2.5 ohms). Platelet aggregation in response to arachidonic acid at baseline was 12.2+/-2.0 ohms. It was reduced by indomethacin in all subjects to 0 ohms, but not by meloxicam (11+/-2.4 ohms). Closure time at baseline was 128+/-24 seconds and was prolonged by indomethacin to 286+/-38 seconds (P < .001). Meloxicam caused a minor prolongation of the closure time (141+/-32 seconds; P < .05).

CONCLUSION:

Meloxicam, 15 mg/day caused a major reduction of maximum thromboxane production but no reduction in collagen- or arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation and only minor increase of the closure time.

PMID:
10546927
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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