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Clin Exp Metastasis. 1999 Jun;17(4):283-91.

Inhibition by vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) of angiogenesis induced by murine Colon 26-L5 carcinoma cells metastasized in liver.

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  • 1Department of Pathogenic Biochemistry, Institute of Natural Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Japan.


We investigated the effect of VIP on the liver metastases and angiogenesis by Colon 26-L5 carcinoma cells in mice. Daily systemic administration of VIP, beginning 3 days after tumor inoculation into a portal vein of mice, inhibited significantly the development of their liver metastases. Immunohistochemical staining for factor VIII-related antigen in the sections of liver metastases showed that the systemic administration of VIP caused significant prevention of angiogenesis within tumor masses. VIP (10-(10) to 10(-6) M) inhibited the invasion of reconstituted basement membrane (Matrigel) by hepatic sinusoidal endothelial (HSE) cells in a concentration-dependent manner in a Transwell chamber assay in vitro and achieved approximately 50% reduction of control at 10(-6) M. VIP (10(-6) M) also significantly suppressed the haptotactic migration of HSE cells to fibronectin, laminin or type I collagen substrates with a similar inhibition rate to the invasion assay. Exposure of VIP to HSE cells induced accumulation of intracellular cAMP in a concentration-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect of VIP (10(-6) M) on HSE cell migration was significantly abrogated in the presence of 3 x 10(-6) M H-89, a cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor. VIP (10(-6) M) inhibited the morphogenesis of HSE cells into capillary-like structures on Matrigel-coated wells. VIP did not affect the proliferation of HSE cells and the production of gelatinases in HSE cells in vitro at the concentrations used in the invasion assay. These observations suggest that the anti-metastatic effect of VIP on liver metastases by Colon 26-L5 carcinoma cells in mice is partly due to the prevention of tumor angiogenesis probably through suppression of the motility of endothelial cells.

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