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Regul Pept. 1999 Oct 22;84(1-3):37-42.

Correlation of type I insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-I-R) and insulin receptor-related receptor (IRR) messenger RNA levels in tumor cell lines from pediatric tumors of neuronal origin.

Author information

  • 1Pediatric Endocrinology, Children's Hospital, University of Tübingen, Germany. martin.elmlinger@med.uni-tuebingen.de

Abstract

The insulin receptor-related receptor (IRR) is a member of the insulin receptor family. So far no ligand has yet been discovered for this receptor type (orphan receptor). IRR, insulin receptor (IR), and insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-I-R) are all tyrosine kinases. The cellular function of the IRR is not known. The expression of IRR mRNA is restricted to a few, e.g. neuronal tissues, and has also been found in neuroblastomas. Since tyrosine kinase receptors, including the IGF-I-R, may be involved in tumor genesis, we examined the expression of IRR mRNA and IGF-I-mRNA in 18 tumor cell lines using RT-PCR and the solution hybridization/RNAse protection assay. In particular, the mRNA levels of IRR and IGF-I-R were compared by semi-quantitative RT-PCR in seven neuroblastomas and 11 soft tissue sarcomas (STS), five of which were of neuronal origin. In all of the seven neuroblastoma cell lines and in five of the 11 STS cell lines, the IRR mRNA was detected. In addition, the IRR mRNA was expressed in rhabdomyosarcoma, in leiomyosarcoma, in one of the Ewing sarcoma and in the neurofibrosarcoma cell line. The last two tumor cell types are of neuronal origin. The levels of expression of IGF-I-R and IRR mRNA of the neuroblastoma cell lines were closely related (r = 0.82, P < 0.002). Furthermore, IRR mRNA was found only in cell lines that also expressed IGF-I-R mRNA. In conclusion, cell lines from pediatric tumors of neuronal origin express IRR mRNA simultaneously with a another tyrosine kinase receptor (IGF-I-R) mRNA. The tight coupling of their mRNA expression suggests a functional association of both receptors in the tumor cells.

PMID:
10535406
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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