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BJU Int. 1999 Nov;84(7):805-9.

Hybrid laser treatment compared with transurethral resection of the prostate for symptomatic bladder outlet obstruction caused by a large benign prostate: a prospective, randomized trial with a 6-month follow-up.

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  • 1Department of Urology, University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the efficacy and safety of hybrid laser treatment, i.e. the combination of visual Nd-YAG laser ablation of prostate and contact Nd-YAG laser vaporization of prostate, with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in the treatment of patients with symptomatic bladder outlet obstruction secondary to a benign high-volume prostate.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Forty-five symptomatic patients with hyperplastic prostates of >40 mL were randomized to undergo either hybrid laser treatment (21) or TURP (24). All patients were evaluated before and after treatment with a complex urodynamic assessment, and were accepted into the study only if they had infravesical obstruction in the pressure-flow study. In the hybrid method, Nd-YAG laser energy was first delivered by an 'adenoma-dependent' approach to all areas of the obstructing lateral lobe tissue through a side-firing gold-alloy tip fibre at 40 W for 90 s of 'burn'. The prostatic urethra was then opened and the median lobe vaporized using the a contact probe at 40 W. Patients were re-evaluated 3 and 6 months after treatment.

RESULTS:

Both treatments proved to be safe, and improved the subjective and objective outcome measures at 3 and 6 months compared with baseline values. After 3 months, there was a greater improvement in the TURP group in peak urinary flow rate (Qmax; P<0.01), mean urinary flow rate (Qave; P<0.01) and postvoid residual urine volume (P<0.05) than in the hybrid laser group. After 6 months, there was a greater improvement in the TURP group in detrusor pressure at Qmax (P<0.01), Qave (P<0.05) and prostate size (P<0.001) than in the hybrid laser group. In the pressure-flow study at 6 months, a higher proportion of patients (seven of 19) were still obstructed in the hybrid laser group than in TURP group (two of 21; P<0.05). TURP caused more intraoperative blood loss (P<0.001) and postoperative problems associated with bleeding; 38% of hybrid laser patients were discharged with a suprapubic catheter, whereas all TURP patients could urinate at discharge (P<0.01). The duration of bladder drainage was longer after hybrid laser treatment (P<0.001).

CONCLUSION:

The hybrid laser method was a safe but less effective treatment than TURP for benign prostatic enlargement in patients with prostates of >40 mL.

PMID:
10532976
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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