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Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1999 Oct-Dec;29(4):263-74.

Evolution of chemotherapy with platinum compounds.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Marshall University School of Medicine, Huntington, WV 25704, USA.

Abstract

Cancer is a major disease entity and cause of death in the human population. The discovery of cisplatin has revolutionized the chemotherapy of human cancer. The full therapeutic potential of cisplatin has not been realized due to the serious side effects and emergence of cisplatin-resistant tumor cells associated with its usage. Protective methods such as extensive hydration, improved schedules of administration, alternate routes of administration, and use of protective agents against specific side effects have allowed the use of higher doses of cisplatin against cisplatin-resistant tumors and has extended the list of tumor systems responsive to cisplatin chemotherapy. Incorporation of cisplatin into a number of cisplatin-based anti-cancer drug combinations has enhanced its effectiveness and allowed the use of lower doses of cisplatin, thus reducing its toxic side effects. Finally, the availability of cisplatin analogues, such as carboplatin and others with reduced toxicity, but increased effectiveness against cisplatin-resistant tumors, has expanded the potential scope and therapeutic promise of the platinum anti-cancer agents. The evolution of chemotherapy with the platinum antitumor compounds is ongoing.

PMID:
10528825
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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