Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 1999 Nov 1;163(9):4985-93.

Neutralization of endogenous granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor subverts the protective immune response to Histoplasma capsulatum.

Author information

  • 1Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH 45267, USA.


We examined the influence of endogenous GM-CSF on the course of primary and secondary pulmonary histoplasmosis. A high proportion (>/=75%) of C57BL/6 mice given mAb to GM-CSF did not survive primary infection, whereas 88-94% of infected controls survived. Analysis of leukocytes revealed significantly fewer CD4+ and CD8+ cells in lungs, but not airways, of anti-GM-CSF-treated mice as compared with infected controls. However, the histopathology was similar between the two groups. Lungs of mice given mAb to GM-CSF manifested depressed levels of TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, and reactive nitrogen intermediates and elevated levels of IL-4 and IL-10. Administration of mAb to IL-4, to IL-10, or both restored protective immunity in GM-CSF-neutralized mice. In secondary infection, administration of mAb to GM-CSF exacerbated infection but did not alter survival over 30 days. The character of the inflammatory response was similar, and no differences were detected in Th1 or Th2 cytokine production between the two groups. Thus, endogenous GM-CSF is essential for survival in primary but not secondary infection, and blockade perturbs protective immunity. These findings reveal a new mechanism whereby GM-CSF contributes to host protection and demonstrate differences in control of primary and secondary histoplasmosis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk