Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
EMBO J. 1999 Oct 15;18(20):5453-62.

Crystal structure of gingipain R: an Arg-specific bacterial cysteine proteinase with a caspase-like fold.

Author information

  • 1Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Abteilung Strukturforschung, D-82152 Martinsried, Germany.


Gingipains are cysteine proteinases acting as key virulence factors of the bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis, the major pathogen in periodontal disease. The 1.5 and 2.0 A crystal structures of free and D-Phe-Phe-Arg-chloromethylketone-inhibited gingipain R reveal a 435-residue, single-polypeptide chain organized into a catalytic and an immunoglobulin-like domain. The catalytic domain is subdivided into two subdomains comprising four- and six-stranded beta-sheets sandwiched by alpha-helices. Each subdomain bears topological similarities to the p20-p10 heterodimer of caspase-1. The second subdomain harbours the Cys-His catalytic diad and a nearby Glu arranged around the S1 specificity pocket, which carries an Asp residue to enforce preference for Arg-P1 residues. This gingipain R structure is an excellent template for the rational design of drugs with a potential to cure and prevent periodontitis. Here we show the binding mode of an arginine-containing inhibitor in the active-site, thus identifying major interaction sites defining a suitable pharmacophor.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk