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Plant Cell. 1999 Oct;11(10):1911-24.

A defect in beta-oxidation causes abnormal inflorescence development in Arabidopsis.

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  • 1Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.


The abnormal inflorescence meristem1 (aim1) mutation affects inflorescence and floral development in Arabidopsis. After the transition to reproductive growth, the aim1 inflorescence meristem becomes disorganized, producing abnormal floral meristems and resulting in plants with severely reduced fertility. The derived amino acid sequence of AIM1 shows extensive similarity to the cucumber multifunctional protein involved in beta-oxidation of fatty acids, which possesses l-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA hydrolyase, l-3-hydroxyacyl-dehydrogenase, d-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA epimerase, and Delta(3), Delta(2)-enoyl-CoA isomerase activities. A defect in beta-oxidation has been confirmed by demonstrating the resistance of the aim1 mutant to 2,4-diphenoxybutyric acid, which is converted to the herbicide 2,4-D by the beta-oxidation pathway. In addition, the loss of AIM1 alters the fatty acid composition of the mature adult plant.

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