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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Oct;34(4):1145-52.

Mitral balloon valvotomy for patients with mitral stenosis in atrial fibrillation: immediate and long-term results.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of atrial fibrillation (AF) on the immediate and long-term outcome of patients undergoing percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty (PMV).

BACKGROUND:

There is controversy as to whether the presence of AF has a direct negative effect on the outcome after PMV.

METHODS:

The immediate procedural and the long-term clinical outcome after PMV of 355 patients with AF were prospectively collected and compared with those of 379 patients in normal sinus rhythm (NSR).

RESULTS:

Patients with AF were older (62 +/- 12 vs. 48 +/- 14 years; p < 0.0001) and presented more frequently with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV (18.3% vs. 7.9%; p < 0.0001), echocardiographic score >8 (40.1% vs. 25.1%; p < 0.0001), calcified valves under fluoroscopy (32.4% vs. 18.8%, p < 0.0001) and with history of previous surgical commissurotomy (21.7% vs. 16.4%; p = 0.0002). In patients with AF, PMV resulted in inferior immediate and long-term outcomes, as reflected in a smaller post-PMV mitral valve area (1.7 +/- 0.7 vs. 2 +/- 0.7 cm2; p < 0.0001) and a lower event free survival (freedom of death, redo-PMV and mitral valve surgery) at a mean follow-up time of 60 months (32% vs. 61%; p < 0.0001). In the group of patients in AF, severe post-PMV mitral regurgitation (> or =3+) (p = 0.0001), echocardiographic score >8 (p = 0.004) and pre-PMV NYHA class IV (p = 0.046) were identified as independent predictors of combined events at follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with AF have a worse immediate and long-term outcomes after PMV. However, the presence of AF by itself does not unfavorably influence the outcome, but is a marker for clinical and morphologic features associated with inferior results after PMV.

PMID:
10520804
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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