Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1999 Aug;18(8):561-71.

Efficacy of antibiotic therapy for infection with Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 in mice with protein-calorie malnutrition.

Author information

  • 1Department of Bacteriology, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan.


Antibiotic therapy for infection with Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 is controversial because of the possibility of its inducing hemolytic uremic syndrome and acute encephalopathy. In a previous study, mice with protein-calorie malnutrition were found to be highly susceptible to this pathogen. The efficacy of oral antibiotic therapy in malnourished mice infected with O157 organisms was assessed. Mice fed a low-protein calorie diet were infected intragastrically with 2 x 10(6) colony-forming units of a Shiga-toxin-producing strain of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Infected mice were orally given a therapeutic dose of an antibiotic, including norfloxacin, fosfomycin, kanamycin, ampicillin, clarithromycin or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for 3 days: mice on protocol A received the antibiotic on days 1-3, starting on the day after infection, and mice on protocol B received the antibiotic on days 3-5. The duration of fecal pathogen excretion was shorter and the toxin level in the stool and blood lower in the mice that received protocol A than in untreated mice; all of the mice treated on protocol A survived the lethal infection. All antibiotics except trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, administered on protocol B, exhibited the same effect as that exhibited by the respective antibiotic administered on protocol A. Only the mice treated with protocol B of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole had a higher toxin level in the blood than untreated controls, resulting in 95% mortality. These results suggest that the antibiotics used in this study, except for trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, could reduce the risk of hemolytic uremic syndrome and acute encephalopathy following Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection in humans, and that fosfomycin, in particular, may be relevant for testing in humans.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk