Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol. 1999 Oct;277(4 Pt 1):G745-50.

Lessons from genetically engineered animal models. IV. Nitric oxide synthase gene knockout mice.

Author information

  • 1Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center, West Roxbury 02132, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

Nitric oxide is a ubiquitous molecule implicated in a variety of biological processes. The specific action of nitric oxide depends on its enzymatic sources, namely neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), endothelial NOS (eNOS), and inducible NOS (iNOS), each having distinct tissue localization. Conventional pharmacological antagonists could not distinguish these enzymes or provide models of chronic nitric oxide depletion in whole animals. Several lines of knockout mice have been generated to distinguish the roles of nitric oxide from each enzyme: nitric oxide from nNOS is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter, nitric oxide from eNOS regulates blood flow under physiological conditions, and nitric oxide from iNOS causes hypotension during severe inflammatory conditions. Moreover, the nitric oxides from each isoform have different roles in tissue injury and inflammation. Studies of NOS-deficient animals have also identified redundant and compensatory pathways and revealed the consequences of life-long deficiency of these enzymes. The nNOS-deficient mice develop gastric dilation and stasis, the eNOS-deficient mice develop hypotension and lack vasodilatory responses to injury, and iNOS-deficient mice are more susceptible to inflammatory damage but more resistant to septic shock.

PMID:
10516139
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk