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Membr Cell Biol. 1999;12(6):805-15.

Postmitotic reconstruction of nucleoli in culture cells with UV-microbeam photoinactivated centrosome.

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  • 1Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Moscow State University, Russia.


Ultraviolet microirradiation of one of the poles of the mitotic spindle of PK cells was performed 1 min after the onset of the anaphase. Formation of the nucleolus in the telophase and G1 period was studied by vital observation, electron microscopy and indirect immunofluorescence using antibodies against B23 protein. Sister cells with nonirradiated centrosomes and cells with partially irradiated cytoplasm were used as controls. During the first hour after the anaphase, the nuclei in both sister cells were identical and contained numerous small dense particles with granular ultrastructure. B23 protein detected in the mitotic poles and at the chromosome surface in the anaphase was dispersed in the cytoplasm in both cells in the early G1 period. Later, control cells did not display any difference from intact cells: nucleoli of a typical structure were formed, B23 protein appeared in the karyoplasm and was then accumulated in the nucleoli and disappeared from the cytoplasm and karyoplasm. Nucleoli in cells with irradiated centrosomes did not achieve the normal size and contained a significantly lower amount of granular component. B23 protein was dispersed in the karyoplasm and was not accumulated in the nucleoli. Nucleoli in cells with irradiated centrosomes contained small dense particles for at least 24 h. Telophase cells where microtubule formation had been inhibited by nocodazole formed normal nucleoli. It shows that the effects observed in cells with irradiated centrosomes are not due to the absence of the microtubule radial system. We conclude that UV microirradiation of the mitotic centrosome disturbs the postmitotic reconstruction of nucleoli probably because of the photodestruction of B23 protein accumulated in the mitotic pole.

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