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J Anxiety Disord. 1999 Jul-Aug;13(4):359-70.

Prevention of post-rape psychopathology: preliminary findings of a controlled acute rape treatment study.

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  • 1Medical University of South Carolina, National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Charleston 29425-0742, USA.

Abstract

Violent sexual assault such as rape typically results in extremely high levels of acute distress. The intensity of these acute psychological reactions may play a role in later recovery, with higher levels of immediate distress associated with poorer outcome. Unfortunately, post-rape forensic evidence collection procedures may serve to increase, rather than reduce initial distress, potentially exacerbating future psychopathology. To address these concerns, an acute time-frame hospital-based video intervention was developed to: (a) minimize anxiety during forensic rape exams, and (b) prevent post-rape posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), panic, and anxiety. Preliminary data indicated that (1) psychological distress at the time of the exam was strongly related to PTSD symptomatology 6 weeks post-rape, and (2) the video intervention successfully reduced distress during forensic exams.

PMID:
10504107
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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