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Vet Microbiol. 1999 Aug 16;68(1-2):3-13.

Comparison of the pathogenesis of acute equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) infection in the horse and the mouse model: a review.

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  • 1School of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.


The mouse models of the respiratory and abortion forms of equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) infection have been used to investigate the vaccine potential of various EHV-1 immunogens, the effect of antiviral agents on EHV-1 infection and the pathogenicity of EHV-1 strain variants and deletion or insertional mutants. This review examines the similarities and differences in the pathogenesis of primary EHV-1 infection in the natural host, the horse, and in the mouse by comparing tissue tropism, clinical signs of infection, the effects of EHV-1 on pregnancy, haematological changes following infection, viral clearance, histopathology and latency. The evidence suggests that the mouse model provides a valid method for investigation of virological and histopathological aspects of EHV-1-induced disease in the horse. However, the extent to which useful and valid comparisons and extrapolations can be made of immunological parameters from mouse to horse is yet to be determined.

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