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Blood. 1999 Oct 1;94(7):2505-14.

Molecular characterization of autosomal recessive chronic granulomatous disease caused by a defect of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (reduced form) oxidase component p67-phox.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, Genentech, Inc, South San Francisco, CA, USA.

Abstract

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disorder of phagocytes in which defective production of microbicidal oxidants leads to severe recurrent infections. CGD is caused by mutations in any of 4 genes encoding components of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (reduced form; NADPH) oxidase, the multisubunit enzyme that produces the precursor of these oxidants, superoxide. Approximately 5% of CGD patients have an autosomal recessive form of disease caused by a severe deficiency of p67-phox, a 526-amino acid subunit of the oxidase that appears to regulate electron transport within the enzyme. Here we report the biochemical and molecular characterization of 6 unrelated kindreds with p67-phox deficiency. These studies show that, as in gp91-phox and p22-phox deficiencies, the p67-phox CGD patients show a high degree of heterogeneity in the genetic defects that underlie their disease. Five different mutant alleles were identified: (1) a nonsense mutation in exon 4 (C(304) --> T); (2) a 5-nucleotide (nt) deletion in exon 13 (nts 1169-1173); (3) a splice mutation in the first nucleotide of intron 4 (G --> A); (4) a deletion of 1 nt in exon 9 (A(728)); and (5) a 9-nt in-frame deletion in exon 2 (nts 55-63). The splice mutation was seen in 3 unrelated kindreds, while the 5-nt deletion was seen in 2 apparently unrelated families (both of Palestinian origin). Homozygosity was present in 4 of the kindreds, 2 of which had consanguineous parentage. In the isolated neutrophils of each of the affected patients in the 6 kindreds, there was no measurable respiratory burst activity and no p67-phox protein detected by immunoblot analysis. The level of 67-phox mRNA was less than 10% of normal in the mononuclear leukocytes from 3 of the 4 patients analyzed by Northern blot studies. Thus, this heterogeneous group of mutations in p67-phox all lead to marked instability of mRNA or protein (or both) that results in the complete loss of NADPH oxidase activity.

PMID:
10498624
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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