Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Drug Metab Dispos. 1999 Oct;27(10):1165-70.

Studies on the substrate specificity of human intestinal UDP- lucuronosyltransferases 1A8 and 1A10.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.


Although the liver has been considered the most important organ involved in glucuronidation, recent studies have focused on the role of the gastrointestinal tract in the glucuronidation of xenobiotics and endobiotics. Two UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms of human intestinal mucosa, which are absent in liver, have been identified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. mRNAs of UGT1A8 and UGT1A10 were detected in both the small intestine and the colon. The corresponding cDNAs for UGT1A8 and UGT1A10 were cloned from ileal RNA and inserted into the mammalian expression vector pcDNA3. Transfection of the cDNAs into human embryonic kidney 293 cells was carried out and stable expression was achieved. Membrane preparations from human embryonic kidney 293 cells expressing either UGT1A8 or UGT1A10 were isolated and the expression of each isoform was analyzed by Western blot. The catalytic activity of stably expressed UGT1A8 toward catechol estrogens, coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and phenolic compounds was much higher than that of UGT1A10. UGT1A8, but not UGT1A10, catalyzed the glucuronidation of opioids, bile acids, fatty acids, retinoids, and clinically useful drugs, such as ciprofibrate, furosemide, and diflunisal. These studies suggest that human intestinal UGTs may play an important role in the detoxification of xenobiotic compounds and, in some cases, limit the bioavailability of therapeutic agents.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk