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J Hum Evol. 1999 Sep-Oct;37(3-4):501-22.

Hand and foot remains from the Gran Dolina Early Pleistocene site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain).

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  • 1Departamento de Paleontología, Instituto de Geología Económica, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, 28040, Spain. carlets@eucmax.sim.ucm.es


We report here the study of the 22 hand and foot remains from the Early Pleistocene level TD6 of the Gran Dolina site at Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain) recovered from 1994 to 1996. These remains are paratypes of Homo antecessor. All of the elements are briefly described and compared with other fossil hominids. The capitate has a constricted neck, well developed head, strong attachment for the ligamentum interosseum trapezoid-capitate, a palmarly placed trapezoid facet with a distinctive small dorsal trapezoid facet, a highly curved and oblique orientation of the second metacarpal facet, and a transversally oriented dorsodistal border. A hamate with a moderately projecting and lightly built hamulus; an inferred reduced styloid process on the third metacarpal base; a wide second metacarpal head; and middle phalanges with well marked insertions for the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle and wide heads. The morphology and dimensions of the pedal remains from TD6 are very similar to modern humans; but the base, proximal articular surface and shafts of the proximal hallucal phalanges are more rounded and the midshaft of the proximal toe phalanx is wider.

Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

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