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Eur J Cell Biol. 1999 Aug;78(8):593-600.

In vitro nuclear assembly with affinity-purified nuclear envelope precursor vesicle fractions, PV1 and PV2.

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  • 1Course of Advanced Material Science, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Niigata University, Japan.


Nuclear envelope precursor vesicles were affinity purified from a Xenopus egg extract by a chromatin binding method. Vesicles bound to chromatin at 4 degrees C were dissociated with a high salt buffer and further fractionated into nuclear envelope precursor vesicle fractions 1 (PV1) and 2 (PV2) by differential centrifugation. PV1 contained larger vesicles. When chromatin was incubated in a Xenopus egg cytosol fraction supplemented with PV1, vesicles bound to chromatin, fused with each other, formed a bilayered nuclear envelope, and assembled into spherical small nuclei. However, the thus assembled nuclei did not grow to the normal size. Nuclear pore complexes were not found on the thus assembled nuclei. On the other hand, PV2 contained smaller vesicles. PV2 vesicles bound to chromatin, fused little with each other in the Xenopus egg cytosol fraction, and no nuclei were assembled. When PV1 supplemented with PV2 was used for the nuclear assembly reaction, the assembled nuclei grew to the normal size. Nuclear pore complexes existed in the thus assembled nuclear envelopes. These results suggested that 1) two vesicle populations, PV1 and PV2, are necessary for the assembly of normal sized nuclei, 2) PV1 contains a chromatin targeting molecule(s) and membrane fusion machinery, 3) PV2 contains a chromatin targeting molecule(s) and a molecule(s) necessary for nuclear pore complex assembly, and 4) PV1 has the ability to assemble a nuclear membrane, and PV2 is necessary for the assembly of nuclear pore complexes and for nuclei to grow to the normal size. An in vitro nuclear assembly system constituted with affinity-purified vesicle fractions, PV1 and PV2, was established.

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