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Am J Med Genet. 1999 Oct 8;86(4):321-4.

Attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis in a man with an interstitial deletion of chromosome arm 5q.

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  • 1Division of Human Genetics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06030-6310, USA.


Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an inherited colon cancer syndrome caused by mutations in the APC gene on chromosome region 5q21. Patients typically present with several hundred to several thousand polyps throughout the colon. Benign and malignant extracolonic manifestations are often present. Attenuated FAP (AFAP) is a recognized variant of FAP in which patients present with fewer than 100 polyps and appear to have a delayed onset of the clinical manifestations of FAP. Mutations in specific regions of the APC gene are associated with AFAP. A full deletion of the APC gene region has previously been thought to be associated with typical FAP. We now report on a 39-year-old man with a cytogenetically visible interstitial 5q deletion. Fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis with two cosmid probes specific for the 5' and 3' ends of the gene indicated that the entire APC locus is deleted. The number of polyps (50-60) seen in this patient was consistent with AFAP, as was the absence of multiple congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE). This is the first reported case of AFAP associated with a germline deletion of the entire APC gene.

Copyright 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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