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Biochimie. 1999 Jul;81(7):733-44.

Proteoglycans in human malignant mesothelioma. Stimulation of their synthesis induced by epidermal, insulin and platelet-derived growth factors involves receptors with tyrosine kinase activity.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, Greece.


Identification of proteoglycans in two human malignant mesothelioma cell lines, one with epithelial differentiation and the other with fibroblast-like phenotype, and the effects of epidermal (EGF), insulin-like (IGF-I) and platelet-derived (PDGF-BB) growth factors on the synthesis of hyaluronan (HA) and proteoglycans (PGs) were studied. Both cell lines synthesize HA and PGs: these last were recovered both as secreted and cell-associated compounds. Chondroitin sulfate (CS) containing PGs are mainly organized as versican in the extracellular medium and as thrombomodulin and syndecan in the cell membrane. Heparan sulfate (HS) containing PGs are mainly in the form of perlecan in the culture medium, whereas cell-associated HSPGs were recovered mainly as syndecan-1, -2 and -4. Receptors for EGF, IGF-I and PDGF-BB were identified in both cell lines. In addition to cell proliferation, these growth factors stimulated the synthesis of HA and PGs, the pattern of stimulation being unique for each of them and depending on the cell phenotype. EGF increased the synthesis of HA and PGs. IGF-I showed similar stimulatory effects on the synthesis of CSPGs, whereas higher amounts were needed to influence the synthesis of HA and HSPGs, the latter only being stimulated in the epithelial cell line. PDGF-BB stimulated the synthesis of HA, HSPGs and CSPGs at low concentrations, while the stimulatory effect was abolished at higher levels. Incubation with genistein inhibited the HA and PG synthesis induced by growth factors in a mode depending on both growth factor and genistein concentrations. The results clearly suggest that the stimulatory effects of EGF, IGF-I and PDGF-BB on matrix synthesis, expressed as proteoglycan synthesis, are mediated via receptor-growth factor complexes and the protein tyrosine kinase intracellular pathway.

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