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J Biol Chem. 1999 Sep 17;274(38):26917-21.

Augmentation of ultraviolet B radiation-induced tumor necrosis factor production by the epidermal platelet-activating factor receptor.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA.


Ultraviolet B radiation (UVB) has been shown to damage human keratinocytes in part by inducing oxidative stress and cytokine production. Indeed, UVB-induced production of the pro-inflammatory and cytotoxic cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) has been implicated in the epidermal damage seen in response to acute solar radiation. Though the lipid mediator platelet-activating factor (PAF) is synthesized in response to oxidative stress, and keratinocytes express PAF receptors linked to cytokine biosynthesis, it is not known whether PAF is involved in UVB-induced epidermal cell cytokine production. These studies examined the role of the PAF system in UVB-induced epidermal cell TNF-alpha biosynthesis using a novel model system created by retroviral-mediated transduction of the PAF receptor-negative human epidermal cell line KB with the human PAF receptor (PAF-R). Treatment of PAF-R-expressing KB cells with the metabolically stable PAF-R agonist carbamoyl-PAF resulted in increased TNF-alpha mRNA and protein, indicating that activation of the epidermal PAF-R was linked to TNF-alpha production. UVB irradiation of PAF-R-expressing KB cells resulted in significant increases in both TNF-alpha mRNA and protein in comparison to UVB-treated control KB cells. However, UVB treatment up-regulated cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA levels to the same extent in both PAF-R-expressing and control KB cells. Pretreatment with the antioxidant vitamin E or the PAF-R antagonists WEB 2086 and A-85783 inhibited UVB-induced TNF-alpha production in the PAF-R-positive but not control KB cells. These studies suggest that the epidermal PAF-R may be a pharmacological target for UVB in skin.

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