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Am J Epidemiol. 1999 Sep 1;150(5):528-31.

Maternal smoking and childhood asthma.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics McGill University, MontrĂ©al, PQ, Canada.


The role of maternal smoking as a causal factor for the incidence of childhood asthma is still not clearly established. It was investigated among 3- and 4-year-old-child incident cases confirmed by a 6-year follow-up (n = 294) and cases who no longer had symptoms after diagnosis (n = 110). The study took place in Montréal, Canada, between 1988 and 1997. Persistent and transient cases were compared with their respective controls from the original case-control study of incidence. The odds ratio for heavy maternal smoking adjusted for known risk factors for asthma was 3.84 (95% confidence interval: 1.68, 8.76) among persistent cases and close to one among transient cases.

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