Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Aug 31;96(18):10355-60.

The interaction between p53 and DNA topoisomerase I is regulated differently in cells with wild-type and mutant p53.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Biology and Pharmacology of DNA Topoisomerases, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8532, Institut Gustave-Roussy, PR2, Villejuif 94805 Cedex, France.


DNA topoisomerase I is a nuclear enzyme involved in transcription, recombination, and DNA damage recognition. Previous studies have shown that topoisomerase I interacts directly with the tumor-suppressor protein p53. p53 is a transcription factor that activates certain genes through binding to specific DNA sequences. We now report that topoisomerase I can be stimulated by both latent and activated wild-type p53 as well as by several mutant and truncated p53 proteins in vitro, indicating that sequence-specific DNA-binding and stimulation of topoisomerase I are distinct properties of p53. These assays also suggest that the binding site for topoisomerase I on p53 is between amino acids 302 and 321. In living cells, the interaction between p53 and topoisomerase I is strongly dependent on p53 status. In MCF-7 cells, which have wild-type p53, the association between the two proteins is tightly regulated in a spatial and temporal manner and takes place only during brief periods of genotoxic stress. In marked contrast, the two proteins are constitutively associated in HT-29 cells, which have mutant p53. These findings have important implications for both cellular stress response and genomic stability, given the ability of topoisomerase I to recognize DNA lesions as well as to cause illegitimate recombination.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk