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Neuropharmacology. 1999 Aug;38(8):1243-52.

Beta-amyloid-induced apoptosis of cerebellar granule cells and cortical neurons: exacerbation by selective inhibition of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors.

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  • 1Institute for Cognitive and Computational Sciences, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA.


Administration of beta-amyloid fragment 25-35 (Abeta25-35) to cultured rat cerebellar granule cells (CGC) or cortical neurons caused cell death that was characterized by morphological and nuclear changes consistent with apoptosis. Inhibition of NMDA receptors produced a mild exacerbation of Abeta25-35 toxicity in cortical neurons; a similar effect was induced by AMPA/kainate receptor inhibition in CGC. Selective activation of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) by dihyroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) had no effect on Abeta25-35-induced apoptosis in either cell type, and was unaffected by blockade of ionotropic glutamate receptors. In contrast, selective inhibition of group I mGluR by (RS)-1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA) exacerbated Abeta toxicity in cortical neurons, whereas this treatment was without effect on CGC. However, AIDA significantly increased Abeta-induced apoptosis in CGC in the presence of either NMDA or AMPA/kainate receptor inhibition; blockade of both ionotropic glutamate receptor classes further increased the exacerbation of apoptosis following treatment with AIDA. These findings suggest that Abeta25-35-induced neuronal injury leads to activation of group I mGluR, which attenuates the resulting apoptosis.

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