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J Clin Oncol. 1999 Jan;17(1):230-40.

Mantle irradiation alone for clinical stage I-II Hodgkin's disease: long-term follow-up and analysis of prognostic factors in 261 patients.

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  • 1Division of Radiation Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute, Melbourne, Australia.



To evaluate mantle radiotherapy (MRT) alone as the initial therapy of patients with clinical stage (CS) I-II Hodgkin's disease (HD).


We performed a retrospective study of patients treated with MRT alone for CS I-II supradiaphragmatic HD between 1969 and 1994. Prognostic factor analysis was performed for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Outcome was also assessed in favorable cohorts defined in the literature.


There were 261 eligible patients. The median follow-up period for surviving patients was 8.4 years (range, 1.8 to 27.4 years). The 10-year OS rate was 73%. Multifactor analysis for OS showed that age was the only important prognostic factor. The 10-year PFS rate was 58%. On multifactor analysis for PFS, the most important prognostic factors were clinical stage, B symptoms, histology, number of sites, and tumor bulk. The 10-year PFS rate for lymphocyte-predominant disease was 81% for stage I and 78% for stage II. In favorable patient cohorts defined in the literature, the 10-year PFS rate ranged from 70% to 73% for the whole group and from 71% to 90% in patients with favorable stage I disease, but only from 48% to 57% in patients with favorable stage II disease. On competing-risks analysis, the cumulative 10-year incidence of first site of failure in the para-aortic/splenic region alone was 10.5%. Sixty percent of relapsed patients remain progression-free at 10 years after chemotherapy salvage.


These results support the use of MRT alone in patients with favorable CS I HD and CS I-II HD with lymphocyte-predominant histology. The remainder of patients with CS I-II HD require more intensive treatment.

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