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Mol Cell Biol. 1999 Sep;19(9):6367-78.

Transcriptional activation by NF-kappaB requires multiple coactivators.

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  • 1Vascular Research Division, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) plays a role in the transcriptional regulation of genes involved in inflammation and cell survival. In this report we demonstrate that NF-kappaB recruits a coactivator complex that has striking similarities to that recruited by nuclear receptors. Inactivation of either cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB)-binding protein (CBP), members of the p160 family of coactivators, or the CBP-associated factor (p/CAF) by nuclear antibody microinjection prevents NF-kappaB-dependent transactivation. Like nuclear receptor-dependent gene expression, NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression requires specific LXXLL motifs in one of the p160 family members, and enhancement of NF-kappaB activity requires the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity of p/CAF but not that of CBP. This coactivator complex is differentially recruited by members of the Rel family. The p50 homodimer fails to recruit coactivators, although the p50-p65 heterodimeric form of the transcription factor assembles the integrator complex. These findings provide new mechanistic insights into how this family of dimeric transcription factors has a differential effect on gene expression.

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