Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Immunol. 1999 Aug;92(2):153-60.

Role of cytokines in the pathogenesis of anemia of chronic disease in rheumatoid arthritis.

Author information

  • 1Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, 451 10, Greece.


The aim of our study was to evaluate the role of proinflammatory cytokines: tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), as well as the possible contribution of interleukin-10 (IL-10) in anemia of chronic disease (ACD) of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. We measured the serum levels of TNFalpha, IL-1beta, and IL-6 in 105 anemic and 127 nonanemic RA patients. We also investigated the effects of the above cytokines on the development of burst-forming units-erythroid (BFUe) and colony-forming units-erythroid (CFUe) in bone marrow cultures. Anemic patients had significantly higher serum levels of TNFalpha, IL-1beta, and IL-6 compared to nonanemics. Serum IL-10 levels were low and there was no significant difference in IL-10 concentrations between anemic and nonanemic patients. Proinflammatory cytokines inhibited proliferation of BFUe and CFUe. IL-10 did not decrease the erythroid colony growth. Proinflammatory cytokines may play a role in the pathogenesis of ACD in RA patients. Low levels of IL-10 possibly contribute to the development of ACD.

Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk