Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Rural Health. 1999 Winter;15(1):11-20.

Eliminating primary care health professional shortage areas: the impact of Title VII generalist physician education.


Most policy-makers and researchers agree that although the United States is headed for a significant physician surplus, problems of equity in access to care still remain. To help meet this challenge, Title VII of the Public Health Service Act focuses on producing generalist physicians to serve in medically underserved areas (MUAs). This study estimates the impact Title VII support for generalist training has on reducing and eliminating health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) under multiple scenarios that vary either the Title VII funding level or the percentage of Title VII-funded program graduates who practice in MUAs. For each scenario, the number of Title VII-funded residency graduates who initially practice in MUAs and the time it would take to eliminate HPSAs are estimated. Using 1996 rates, the analysis predicts that 1,214 generalist physicians will enter practice in HPSAs annually, leading to elimination of HPSAs in 24 years. In 1997, Title VII-funded programs increased the rate of graduates entering HPSAs, resulting in 1,357 providers and reducing the time for HPSA elimination to 15 years. Doubling the funding for these programs would increase the number of Title VII-funded generalist physicians entering MUAs and could decrease the time for HPSA elimination to as little as 6 years. The study concludes that eliminating HPSAs requires broader Title VII influence and continuous improvement in rates of production of graduates who practice in MUAs. Without Title VII graduates and continuous improvement of Title VII program, MUA rates, the number of HPSAs and the number of Americans with reduced access to essential health care will continue to expand.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk