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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1999 Jun;19(6):555-61.

Downregulation of innate and acquired antitumor immunity by bystander gammadelta and alphabeta T lymphocytes with Th2 or Tr1 cytokine profiles.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Japan. seo445@hama-med.ac.jp

Abstract

It has been thought that natural killer (NK) cells appearing early in tumor lesions play a pivotal role in the innate immunity against tumor cells. Although NK cells serve as the first tumoricidal effector cells, they subsequently promote a shift in effectors from themselves to tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) that mediate the acquired immunity. The mechanism of this shift has not been fully elucidated, however, NK cell-derived T helper (Th) 1 cytokines such as interferon (IFN)-gamma seem to play a key role. Another NK-lineage, termed natural killer T (NK T) cells, may also participate in the innate period when they acquire the ability to secrete Th1 cytokines. Interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-10, belonging to Th2, and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), belonging to T regulatory (Tr) 1 cytokines, are known to suppress the development of NK, NK T cells, as well as CTLs and to block Th0 cell differentiation to Th1 cells, suggesting that tumor cells can evade the innate and acquired immunity by virtue of cells producing these inhibitory cytokines. In early tumor lesions of murine B16 melanoma, gammadelta T and alphabeta intermediate (int) T cells that co-infiltrate with NK and NK T cells can produce Th2 cytokines and inhibit the innate immunity. In MM2 mammary tumor-bearing mice, gammadelta T cells appearing both lesionally and systemically secrete Tr1-type cytokines and depress the acquired immunity. These Th2- or Tr1-type gammadelta T and alphabeta(int) T cells downregulate the tumoricidal cells by means of both their secreted cytokines and express major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules.

PMID:
10433355
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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