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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Aug 3;96(16):9415-20.

Neurotrophic activity of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide on rat cerebellar cortex during development.

Author information

  • 1European Institute for Peptide Research (Institut Fédératif de Recherches Multidisciplinaires sur les Peptides 23), Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, Institut National de la Santé etde la Recherche Médicale (U-413), France.

Abstract

High concentrations of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) receptors are present in the external granule cell layer of the rat cerebellum during postnatal development. In vitro studies have shown that PACAP promotes cell survival and neurite outgrowth on immature cerebellar granule cells in primary culture. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of PACAP on the development of the cerebellar cortex of 8-day-old rats. Incubation of cultured granule cells for 12 or 18 h with PACAP provoked a significant increase in the rate of incorporation of [(3)H]thymidine in cultured granule cells, suggesting that PACAP could stimulate the proliferation of granule cells. After 96 h of treatment, in vivo administration of PACAP provoked a transient increase in the number of granule cells in the molecular layer and in the internal granule cell layer. In contrast, PACAP did not affect the number of Purkinje cells. The augmentation of the number of granule cells evoked by PACAP was significantly inhibited by the PACAP receptor antagonist PACAP(6-38). Administration of PACAP also caused a significant increase in the volume of the cerebellar cortex. The present study provides evidence that PACAP can act in vivo as a trophic factor during rat brain development. Our data indicate that PACAP increases proliferation and/or inhibits programmed cell death of granule cells, as well as stimulating neuronal migration from the external granule cell layer toward the internal granule cell layer.

PMID:
10430957
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC17797
Free PMC Article
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