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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Aug 2;261(2):332-9.

Polymorphisms in the SOD2 and HLA-DRB1 genes are associated with nonfamilial idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy in Japanese.

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  • 1Division of Adult Diseases, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, 101, Japan.

Abstract

To reveal genetic risk factors of nonfamilial idiopathic cardiomyopathy (IDC) in Japanese, polymorphisms in the SOD2 and HLA-DRB1 genes were investigated in 86 patients and 380 healthy controls. There was a significant excess of homozygotes for the V allele [Val versus Ala (A allele), a polymorphism in the leader peptide of manganese superoxide dismutase at position 16] of the SOD2 gene in the patients compared with the controls (87.2% versus 74.7%, odds ratio = 2.30, p = 0.013, pc < 0.03), and a significant increase in the frequency of HLA-DRB1*1401 in the patients was confirmed (14.0% vs 4.5%, odds ratio = 3.46, p = 0.001, pc < 0.03). A two-locus analysis suggested that these two genetic markers (SOD2-VV genotype and DRB1*1401) may play a synergistic role in controlling the susceptibility to nonfamilial IDC. In addition, processing efficiency of Val-type SOD2 leader peptide in the presence of mitochondria was siginificantly lower than that of the Ala-type by 11 +/- 4%, suggesting that this lower processing efficiency was in part an underlying mechanism of the association between the SOD2-VV genotype and nonfamilial IDC.

Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

PMID:
10425186
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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