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Wound Repair Regen. 1999 May-Jun;7(3):141-7.

Becaplermin gel in the treatment of pressure ulcers: a phase II randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

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  • 1University of Michigan Medical Center and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, USA. rreese@umich.edu

Abstract

Pressure ulcers are associated with significant rates of morbidity and mortality, particularly in the geriatric and spinal cord-injured populations. Newer pharmacologically active therapies include the use of topically applied recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (becaplermin), the active ingredient in REGRANEX) (becaplermin) Gel 0.01%, which has been approved in the United States for treatment of lower extremity diabetic neuropathic ulcers that extend into the subcutaneous tissue or beyond and have an adequate blood supply. In this study, the efficacy of becaplermin gel in the treatment of chronic full thickness pressure ulcers was compared with that of placebo gel. A total of 124 adults (>/= 18 years of age) with pressure ulcers were assigned randomly to receive topical treatment with becaplermin gel 100 microg/g (n = 31) or 300 microg/g (n = 32) once daily alternated with placebo gel every 12 hours, becaplermin gel 100 microg/g twice daily (n = 30), or placebo (sodium carboxymethylcellulose) gel (n = 31) twice daily until complete healing was achieved or for 16 weeks. All treatment groups received a standardized regimen of good wound care throughout the study period. Study endpoints were the incidence of complete healing, the incidence of >/= 90% healing, and the relative ulcer volume at endpoint (endpoint/baseline). Once-daily treatment of chronic pressure ulcers with becaplermin gel 100 microg/g or 300 microg/g significantly increased the incidences of complete and >/= 90% healing and significantly reduced the median relative ulcer volume at endpoint compared with that of placebo gel (p < 0.025 for all comparisons). Becaplermin gel 300 microg/g did not result in a significantly greater incidence of healing than that observed with 100 microg/g. Treatment with becaplermin gel was generally well tolerated and the incidence of adverse events was similar among treatment groups. In conclusion, once-daily application of becaplermin gel is efficacious in the treatment of chronic full thickness pressure ulcers.

PMID:
10417749
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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