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Ann Oncol. 1999 May;10(5):527-32.

Carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan as a preparative regimen for allogeneic transplantation for high-risk malignant lymphoma.

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  • 1Department of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, USA. donnap@bcm.tmc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The combination of carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan (BEAM) is an effective autologous transplantation preparative regimen for lymphoma and has little toxicity, but the feasibility and tolerance of BEAM as a preparative regimen for allogeneic transplantation has not been established.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Thirty adults with primary refractory or recurrent intermediate- or low-grade lymphoma were treated on a prospective phase II study with carmustine 300 mg/m2 i.v. day -6, etoposide 200 mg/m2 i.v. followed by cytarabine 200 mg/m2 i.v. twice daily days -5 to -2, melphalan 140 mg/m2 i.v. day -1, and marrow or blood stem cells from an HLA-identical donor on day 0. Tacrolimus and methotrexate were used to prevent graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD).

RESULTS:

Median time from transplantation was 20 mos (range 6-32 months). Median maximal regimen-related toxicity grade was 2, and four patients (13%) had a grade 3-4 regimen-related toxicity. Two patients had idiopathic interstitial pneumonitis. One patient had primary graft failure, and a second had autologous reconstitution documented at three months posttransplant. Grades 2-4 acute GVHD occurred in 31%, grades 3-4 in 16%, and chronic GVHD in 54%. Day-100 survival was 70%. Twenty-three patients achieved a complete response. The two-year relapse rate was 23%, survival was 48%, and disease-free survival (DFS) was 42%.

CONCLUSIONS:

BEAM supports engraftment of allogeneic transplants and is a tolerable preparative regimen for allogeneic transplantation for lymphoma.

PMID:
10416001
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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