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Microbios. 1999;97(386):29-38.

Liver tissue expression of CD80 and CD95 antigens in chronic hepatitis C: relationship with biological and histological disease activities.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Bari Medical School, Italy.

Abstract

The well known discrepancy between cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) infiltration in the liver and disease biological activity, as assessed by alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, during the course of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, suggests the possible failure of cytotoxic mechanisms devoted to virus clearance. To further investigate the biological events involved in CTL-mediated lysis, i.e. B7/CD28 costimulatory and Fas/Fas-ligand pathways, the CD80 and CD95 antigen expression in liver tissue specimens from chronically HCV-infected patients was evaluated. The results were analysed in relation to serum ALT values and the histological activity (HAI) of liver disease. The data provide evidence for a strong and comparable hepatocyte CD80 and C95 structure expression in chronically HCV-infected livers. CD80- and CD95-carrying liver cells were more frequently distributed at the periportal region of the hepatic lobule, above all near piecemeal necrosis areas, among infiltrating CTL. On the other hand, a negative correlation was found between liver tissue expression of both antigens and serum ALT activity. The relationship with HAI was not statistically significant. The results imply that HCV infection triggers CD80 and CD95 molecule expression on hepatocytes. Further studies are required to clarify the relevance of such a finding in the context of virus-host interactions.

PMID:
10413866
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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