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J Biol Chem. 1999 Jul 23;274(30):21349-54.

Factor VIIa-induced p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation requires the proteolytic activity of factor VIIa and is independent of the tissue factor cytoplasmic domain.

Author information

  • 1Novo Nordisk A/S, Health Care Discovery, Tissue Factor/Factor VII Research, Novo Nordisk Park, DK-2760 Måløv, Denmark.

Abstract

Signal transduction induced by activated factor VII (FVIIa) was studied with baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells transfected with human tissue factor (TF). FVIIa induced phosphorylation of p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in cells expressing TF, BHK(+TF), but not in wild-type BHK(-TF) cells. BHK(+TF) cells responded to FVIIa in a dose-dependent manner, with detectable phosphorylation above 10-20 nM FVIIa. BHK cells transfected with a cytoplasmic domain-deleted version of TF, (des248-263)TF, or a C245S substitution variant of TF also supported FVIIa-induced MAPK activation. Experiments with active site-inhibited FVIIa, thrombin, factor Xa, and hirudin confirmed that the catalytic activity of FVIIa was mandatory for p44/42 MAPK activation. Furthermore, a high concentration of FVIIa in complex with soluble TF induced p44/42 MAPK phosphorylation in BHK(-TF) cells. These data suggest that TF was not directly involved in FVIIa-induced p44/42 MAPK phosphorylation but rather served to localize the action of FVIIa to the cell surface, potentially to cleave a cell surface receptor. Desensitization experiments with sequential addition of proteases suggested that the p44/42 MAPK response induced by FVIIa was distinctly different from the thrombin response, possibly involving a novel member of the protease-activated receptor family.

PMID:
10409695
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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