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J Biol Chem. 1999 Jul 23;274(30):21349-54.

Factor VIIa-induced p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation requires the proteolytic activity of factor VIIa and is independent of the tissue factor cytoplasmic domain.

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  • 1Novo Nordisk A/S, Health Care Discovery, Tissue Factor/Factor VII Research, Novo Nordisk Park, DK-2760 Måløv, Denmark.


Signal transduction induced by activated factor VII (FVIIa) was studied with baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells transfected with human tissue factor (TF). FVIIa induced phosphorylation of p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in cells expressing TF, BHK(+TF), but not in wild-type BHK(-TF) cells. BHK(+TF) cells responded to FVIIa in a dose-dependent manner, with detectable phosphorylation above 10-20 nM FVIIa. BHK cells transfected with a cytoplasmic domain-deleted version of TF, (des248-263)TF, or a C245S substitution variant of TF also supported FVIIa-induced MAPK activation. Experiments with active site-inhibited FVIIa, thrombin, factor Xa, and hirudin confirmed that the catalytic activity of FVIIa was mandatory for p44/42 MAPK activation. Furthermore, a high concentration of FVIIa in complex with soluble TF induced p44/42 MAPK phosphorylation in BHK(-TF) cells. These data suggest that TF was not directly involved in FVIIa-induced p44/42 MAPK phosphorylation but rather served to localize the action of FVIIa to the cell surface, potentially to cleave a cell surface receptor. Desensitization experiments with sequential addition of proteases suggested that the p44/42 MAPK response induced by FVIIa was distinctly different from the thrombin response, possibly involving a novel member of the protease-activated receptor family.

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