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Free Radic Biol Med. 1999 Jun;26(11-12):1554-68.

Two distinct mechanisms for inhibition of cell growth in human prostate carcinoma cells with antioxidant enzyme imbalance.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, USA.


The purpose of the present study was to determine whether manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) overexpression in DU145 human prostate carcinoma cells affected cell reduction-oxidation state (cell redox) and to correlate changes in cell redox status with cell cycle progression and plating efficiency. One MnSOD-overexpressing cell line had no change in other antioxidant enzymes (AEs) (nonadapted clone), whereas a second MnSOD-overexpressing cell line studied had an increase in catalase (CAT) activity (adapted clone). Correlation of biochemical studies with cell cycle studies suggested that heteroploidy observed in the nonadapted MnSOD-overexpressing cell line may be due to increased intracellular peroxides with resultant disruption of the microtubule network, while a decreased mitotic rate was associated with decreased ATP levels in mitosis. In contrast, the decrease in cell growth in the adapted cell line was demonstrated to be due to a decrease in plating efficiency. Our results demonstrate complex effects of AE imbalance on cell growth of DU145 prostate cancer cells.

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