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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1999 Jun;119(2):138-42.

Cord-blood-derived human cultured mast cells produce interleukin 13 in the presence of stem cell factor.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, bDepartment of Geriatric Medicine, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan.



Mast cells have been regarded as a potential source of cytokines. Although the human mast cell line HMC-1 and human lung mast cells have been shown to produce interleukin (IL) 13, it still remains uncertain whether cord-blood-derived human cultured mast cells produce IL-13.


Human cultured mast cells were raised from cord blood cells in the presence of stem cell factor (SCF) and IL-6. Levels of IL-13 mRNA were examined by a semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. IL-13 levels in the supernatants were measured with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.


When the IgE-sensitized cultured mast cells were activated with anti-IgE, mRNA for IL-13 was amplified with a peak at 3 h after the stimulation. IL-13 was not detected in the supernatants of the activated mast cells in the absence of SCF, whereas the mast cells secreted significant amounts of IL-13 after the stimulation in the presence of SCF. Calcium ionophore A23187 also stimulated the mast cells to release IL-13 into the supernatant in the presence of SCF.


These observations suggest that human mast cells can produce IL-13 under the condition with SCF. The cord-blood-derived human cultured mast cells will help in studying the functional properties of human mast cells in allergic diseases.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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