Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999 Jul;160(1):216-20.

Increased 8-isoprostane, a marker of oxidative stress, in exhaled condensate of asthma patients.

Author information

  • 1Department of Thoracic Medicine, Imperial College School of Medicine at the National Heart and Lung Institute, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Oxidative stress has an important role in the pathogenesis of asthma. 8-Isoprostane is a prostaglandin (PG)-F2-like compound belonging to the F2 isoprostane class that is produced in vivo by the free radical-catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid. 8-Isoprostane is a biomarker of oxidative stress, and its concentration is increased in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with interstitial lung diseases. We measured 8-isoprostane concentrations in exhaled breath condensate in healthy subjects and in patients with mild (steroid naive, n = 12), moderate (inhaled steroid treatment, n = 17), and severe asthma (oral steroid treatment, n = 15). We also measured exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide (NO), which may also reflect oxidative stress in the airways. 8-Isoprostane was detectable in breath condensate of normal subjects (15.8 +/- 1.6 pg/ml), and was increased in the breath condensate of patients with mild (33.7 +/- 2.8, p < 0.001), moderate (38.3 +/- 3.7 pg/ml, p < 0. 001), and severe asthma (48.9 +/- 5.0 pg/ml, p < 0.001). There was a positive correlation (r = 0.68, p < 0.05) of 8-isoprostane with NO, but not with CO, in the exhaled air of patients with mild asthma, but not in that of patients with moderate or severe asthma. There was no correlation between 8-isoprostane and lung function tests in any group of patients. Our study shows that oxidative stress is increased in asthmatic subjects as reflected by 8-isoprostane concentrations in breath condensate.

PMID:
10390403
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk