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Mol Pharmacol. 1999 Jul;56(1):110-5.

Preferential coassembly of alpha4 and delta subunits of the gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptor in rat thalamus.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Neuroscience Research Centre, Merck Research Laboratories, Harlow, Essex, United Kingdom. crrukke_syr@merck.com

Abstract

Pharmacological study of rat thalamic gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptors revealed the presence of two distinct populations, namely, diazepam-sensitive and diazepam-insensitive [3H]Ro15-4513 binding sites accounting for 94 +/- 2% (1339 +/- 253 fmol/mg protein) and 6 +/- 2% (90 +/- 44 fmol/mg protein) of total sites, respectively. Thalamic diazepam-insensitive sites exhibited a pharmacology that was distinct from diazepam-sensitive sites but comparable to that of the alpha4beta3gamma2 subtype of the GABAA receptor stably expressed in L(tk-) cells. Immunoprecipitation experiments with a specific anti-alpha4-antiserum immunoprecipitated 20 and 7% of total thalamic [3H]muscimol and [3H]Ro15-4513 sites, respectively. Combinatorial immunoprecipitation using antisera against the alpha4, gamma2, and delta subunit revealed that alpha4delta- and alpha4gamma2-containing receptors account for 13 +/- 2 and 8 +/- 3% of [3H]muscimol sites from thalamus, respectively. It also indicated that all delta subunits coexist with an alpha4 subunit in this brain region. In conclusion, our results show that in rat thalamus both alpha4betagamma2 and alpha4betadelta subtypes are expressed but alpha4betadelta is the major alpha4-containing GABAA receptor population.

PMID:
10385690
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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