Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Perinat Med. 1999;27(2):91-6.

Volume and vascularity of the yolk sac studied by three-dimensional ultrasound and color Doppler.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School University of Zagreb, Sveti Duh Hospital, Croatia.


The aim of our study was to assess the volume of the gestational sac and yolk sac throughout the first trimester of pregnancy, and to establish the relationship between the yolk sac volume measurements and vascularity visualization rates. Eighty women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies between 5 and 12 weeks were evaluated by three-dimensional and color Doppler ultrasound (Combison 530, Kretztechnik). Regression analysis revealed exponential rise of the gestational sac volume with gestational age throughout the first trimester. An exponential rise of the yolk sac volume was noticed between gestational weeks 5 and 8, followed by gradual increase of the yolk sac volume between the gestational weeks 8 and 10. After reaching the plateau from 10 to 11 weeks, yolk sac volume started to decrease. The highest visualization rates for the yolk sac vessels were obtained between gestational weeks 7 and 8. When yolk sac reached the maximum size between 10 and 11 weeks, reduced vascularity was demonstrated. Three-dimensional ultrasound allowed estimation of the gestational sac and yolk sac volumes throughout the first trimester of pregnancy. Both of these measurements seem to be useful prognostic parameters for the pregnancy outcome. The combination of functional and volumetric data provides much useful information on early human development.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for iFactory
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk