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Dis Colon Rectum. 1999 Jun;42(6):797-803.

An audit of strictureplasty for small-bowel Crohn's disease.

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  • 1University Department of Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to review the long-term outcome of strictureplasty for small-bowel Crohn's disease.

METHODS:

We reviewed 111 patients who underwent 285 primary strictureplasties (Heineke-Mikulicz, 236; Finney, 49) between 1980 and 1997.

RESULTS:

Eighty-seven patients (78 percent) had had previous bowel resections. Forty-six patients (41 percent) required synchronous resection for perforating disease (abscess or fistula) or long strictures (>20 cm). The mean number of strictureplasties was three (range, 1-11). There were no operative deaths. Septic complications (fistula or intra-abdominal abscess) related to strictureplasty developed in eight patients (7 percent), of whom two required a proximal ileostomy. Abdominal symptoms were relieved in 95 percent of patients. The majority (95 percent) of patients with preoperative weight loss gained weight (median gain, +2 kg; range, -6 to +22.3 kg). After a median follow-up of 107 months, symptomatic recurrence occurred in 60 patients (54 percent). In 11 patients symptomatic recurrence was successfully managed by medical treatment. Forty-nine patients (44 percent) required reoperation for recurrence: strictureplasty alone in 22 patients, resection alone in 19 patients, strictureplasty and resection in 6 patients, and ileostomy alone in 2 patients. Eighteen patients (16 percent) required a third operation. One patient died from a small-bowel carcinoma which developed in the vicinity of a previous strictureplasty. Two of 19 patients with diffuse jejunoileal disease developed short-bowel syndrome, and were receiving longterm parenteral nutrition. Two other patients were taking corticosteroids for recurrent symptoms. All other patients were asymptomatic, receiving neither medical treatment nor nutritional support.

CONCLUSIONS:

Strictureplasty is a safe and efficacious procedure for small-bowel Crohn's disease in the long-term.

PMID:
10378605
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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