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Dis Colon Rectum. 1999 Jun;42(6):797-803.

An audit of strictureplasty for small-bowel Crohn's disease.

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  • 1University Department of Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.



The aim of this study was to review the long-term outcome of strictureplasty for small-bowel Crohn's disease.


We reviewed 111 patients who underwent 285 primary strictureplasties (Heineke-Mikulicz, 236; Finney, 49) between 1980 and 1997.


Eighty-seven patients (78 percent) had had previous bowel resections. Forty-six patients (41 percent) required synchronous resection for perforating disease (abscess or fistula) or long strictures (>20 cm). The mean number of strictureplasties was three (range, 1-11). There were no operative deaths. Septic complications (fistula or intra-abdominal abscess) related to strictureplasty developed in eight patients (7 percent), of whom two required a proximal ileostomy. Abdominal symptoms were relieved in 95 percent of patients. The majority (95 percent) of patients with preoperative weight loss gained weight (median gain, +2 kg; range, -6 to +22.3 kg). After a median follow-up of 107 months, symptomatic recurrence occurred in 60 patients (54 percent). In 11 patients symptomatic recurrence was successfully managed by medical treatment. Forty-nine patients (44 percent) required reoperation for recurrence: strictureplasty alone in 22 patients, resection alone in 19 patients, strictureplasty and resection in 6 patients, and ileostomy alone in 2 patients. Eighteen patients (16 percent) required a third operation. One patient died from a small-bowel carcinoma which developed in the vicinity of a previous strictureplasty. Two of 19 patients with diffuse jejunoileal disease developed short-bowel syndrome, and were receiving longterm parenteral nutrition. Two other patients were taking corticosteroids for recurrent symptoms. All other patients were asymptomatic, receiving neither medical treatment nor nutritional support.


Strictureplasty is a safe and efficacious procedure for small-bowel Crohn's disease in the long-term.

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