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Physiol Meas. 1999 Feb;20(1):87-102.

Incorporating a priori anatomical information into image reconstruction in electrical impedance tomography.

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  • 1School of Engineering, Sheffield Hallam University, UK.


Image reconstruction in electrical impedance tomography using the sensitivity theorem is generally based on the assumption that the initial conductivity distribution of the body being imaged is uniform. The technique of image reconstruction using this method is described and reconstructed images are presented. Improvements in image quality and accuracy are demonstrated when accurate a priori 'anatomical' information, in the form of a model of the distribution of conductivity within the region to be imaged, is used to construct the sensitivity matrix. In practice correct a priori information is not available, for example the conductivity values within the various anatomical regions will not be known. An iterative algorithm is presented which allows the conductivity parameters of the a priori model to be determined during reconstruction.

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