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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Jun;180(6 Pt 1):1373-84.

The spectrum of severe preeclampsia: comparative analysis by HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels, and low platelet count) syndrome classification.

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  • 1Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Preventive Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study was undertaken to explore the spectrum of maternal disease with a triple classification system of HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels, and low platelet count) syndrome and compare these classes with severe preeclampsia without HELLP syndrome.

STUDY DESIGN:

In this retrospective analytic study the pregnancies of 777 patients with class 1, 2, or 3 HELLP syndrome were compared and contrasted with those of 193 women with severe preeclampsia but without HELLP syndrome.

RESULTS:

Eclampsia, epigastric pain, nausea and vomiting, significant proteinuria, major maternal morbidity, and stillbirth increased as HELLP syndrome worsened from class 3 to class 1. In contrast, headache and diastolic hypertension were more common among the significantly heavier patients with severe preeclampsia without HELLP syndrome. Approximately half of pregnancies complicated by class 1 HELLP syndrome exhibited significant maternal morbidity, compared with only 11% of those complicated by severe preeclampsia without HELLP syndrome. Although a significant trend was apparent in increasing levels of lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, and uric acid as HELLP syndrome worsened, there was considerable variation within groups.

CONCLUSION:

Laboratory and clinical indices of disease severity in patients with severe preeclampsia or eclampsia generally were highest with class 1 HELLP syndrome and were lowest when HELLP syndrome was absent. Class 3 HELLP syndrome is considered a clinically significant transitional group.

Comment in

PMID:
10368474
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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