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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1999 Apr;23 Suppl 3:S55-63.

Genetic determinants of sports participation and daily physical activity.

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  • 1Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, K.U. Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose is to review the existing literature on genetic determinants of sports participation, daily physical activity (PA) resting metabolic rate (RMR) and activity as a temperamental trait.

DESIGN:

A synthesis will be given of the published material on this topic with special focus on twin and family data, and association and linkage studies.

MEASUREMENTS:

Self reported sports participation, daily PA, RMR and activity as a temperamental trait.

ANALYSIS:

Transmission and heritability coefficients calculated from twin and family data will be reported.

RESULTS:

The reported heritability coefficients for sports participation vary between 0.35-0.83, and those for daily PA between 0.29-0.62. If one of the parents or co-twins is active in sports, it is more likely that the child or co-twin is also active in sports (odds ratios (ORs) vary from 1.2-5.8). Twin and parent-child correlations for RMR also indicate a moderate genetic effect. At present, only a linkage between RMR and uncoupling protein 2 markers has been demonstrated.

CONCLUSION:

The genetic determination of sports participation, daily PA and RMR, varies from low to moderately high, and only between the uncoupling protein 2 genetic marker and RMR has a linkage has been demonstrated.

PMID:
10368004
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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