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Am J Hum Genet. 1999 Jul;65(1):220-8.

Use of unlinked genetic markers to detect population stratification in association studies.

Author information

  • 1Department of Statistics, University of Oxford, 1 South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1-3TG United Kingdom. pritch@stats.ox.ac.uk pritch@stats.ox.ac.uk

Abstract

We examine the issue of population stratification in association-mapping studies. In case-control studies of association, population subdivision or recent admixture of populations can lead to spurious associations between a phenotype and unlinked candidate loci. Using a model of sampling from a structured population, we show that if population stratification exists, it can be detected by use of unlinked marker loci. We show that the case-control-study design, using unrelated control individuals, is a valid approach for association mapping, provided that marker loci unlinked to the candidate locus are included in the study, to test for stratification. We suggest guidelines as to the number of unlinked marker loci to use.

PMID:
10364535
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1378093
Free PMC Article
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