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J Biol Chem. 1999 Jun 18;274(25):17860-8.

PARP-2, A novel mammalian DNA damage-dependent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase.

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  • 1UPR 9003 du CNRS, Ecole Supérieure de Biotechnologie de Strasbourg, Boulevard Sébastien Brant, F-67400 Illkirch, France.


Poly(ADP-ribosylation) is a post-translational modification of nuclear proteins in response to DNA damage that activates the base excision repair machinery. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase which we will now call PARP-1, has been the only known enzyme of this type for over 30 years. Here, we describe a cDNA encoding a 62-kDa protein that shares considerable homology with the catalytic domain of PARP-1 and also contains a basic DNA-binding domain. We propose to call this enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 2 (PARP-2). The PARP-2 gene maps to chromosome 14C1 and 14q11.2 in mouse and human, respectively. Purified recombinant mouse PARP-2 is a damaged DNA-binding protein in vitro and catalyzes the formation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymers in a DNA-dependent manner. PARP-2 displays automodification properties similar to PARP-1. The protein is localized in the nucleus in vivo and may account for the residual poly(ADP-ribose) synthesis observed in PARP-1-deficient cells, treated with alkylating agents or hydrogen peroxide.

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