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J Biol Chem. 1999 Jun 18;274(25):17742-7.

Aldolase mediates the association of F-actin with the insulin-responsive glucose transporter GLUT4.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.


To identify potential proteins interacting with the insulin-responsive glucose transporter (GLUT4), we generated fusion proteins of glutathione S-transferase (GST) and the final 30 amino acids from GLUT4 (GST-G4) or GLUT1 (GST-G1). Incubation of these carboxyl-terminal fusion proteins with adipocyte cell extracts revealed a specific interaction of GLUT4 with fructose 1, 6-bisphosphate aldolase. In the presence of aldolase, GST-G4 but not GST-G1 was able to co-pellet with filamentous (F)-actin. This interaction was prevented by incubation with the aldolase substrates, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate or glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. Immunofluorescence confocal microscopy demonstrated a significant co-localization of aldolase and GLUT4 in intact 3T3L1 adipocytes, which decreased following insulin stimulation. Introduction into permeabilized 3T3L1 adipocytes of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate or the metabolic inhibitor 2-deoxyglucose, two agents that disrupt the interaction between aldolase and actin, inhibited insulin-stimulated GLUT4 exocytosis without affecting GLUT4 endocytosis. Furthermore, microinjection of an aldolase-specific antibody also inhibited insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation. These data suggest that aldolase functions as a scaffolding protein for GLUT4 and that glucose metabolism may provide a negative feedback signal for the regulation of glucose transport by insulin.

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