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Am J Public Health. 1999 Jun;89(6):856-61.

Linking community-based blood pressure measurement to clinical care: a randomized controlled trial of outreach and tracking by community health workers.

Author information

  • 1Seattle-King County Department of Public Health, Seattle, WA 98104-4099, USA. james.krieger@metrokc.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study assessed the effectiveness of enhanced tracking and follow-up services provided by community health workers in promoting medical follow-up of persons whose elevated blood pressures were detected during blood pressure measurement at urban community sites.

METHODS:

In a randomized controlled trial, 421 participants received either enhanced or usual referrals to care. Participants were 18 years or older, were either Black or White, and had blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 mm Hg and income equal to or less than 200% of poverty. The primary outcome measure was completion of a medical follow-up visit within 90 days of referral.

RESULTS:

The enhanced intervention increased follow-up by 39.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 14%, 71%; P = .001) relative to usual care. Follow-up visits were completed by 65.1% of participants in the intervention group, compared with 46.7% of those in the usual-care group. The number needed to treat was 5 clients (95% CI = 3, 13) per additional follow-up visit realized.

CONCLUSIONS:

Enhanced tracking and outreach increased the proportion of persons with elevated blood pressure detected during community measurement who followed up with medical care.

PMID:
10358675
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1508657
Free PMC Article
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