Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 1999 Jun 15;162(12):7555-62.

Induction of MHC class I expression on immature thymocytes in HIV-1-infected SCID-hu Thy/Liv mice: evidence of indirect mechanisms.

Author information

  • 1Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, USA.


The SCID-hu Thy/Liv mouse and human fetal thymic organ culture (HF-TOC) models have been used to explore the pathophysiologic mechanisms of HIV-1 infection in the thymus. We report here that HIV-1 infection of the SCID-hu Thy/Liv mouse leads to the induction of MHC class I (MHCI) expression on CD4+CD8+ (DP) thymocytes, which normally express low levels of MHCI. Induction of MHCI on DP thymocytes in HIV-1-infected Thy/Liv organs precedes their depletion and correlates with the pathogenic activity of the HIV-1 isolates. Both MHCI protein and mRNA are induced in thymocytes from HIV-1-infected Thy/Liv organs, indicating induction of MHCI gene expression. Indirect mechanisms are involved, because only a fraction (<10%) of the DP thymocytes were directly infected by HIV-1, although the majority of DP thymocytes are induced to express high levels of MHCI. We further demonstrate that IL-10 is induced in HIV-1-infected thymus organs. Similar HIV-1-mediated induction of MHCI expression was observed in HF-TOC assays. Exogenous IL-10 in HF-TOC induces MHCI expression on DP thymocytes. Therefore, HIV-1 infection of the thymus organ leads to induction of MHCI expression on immature thymocytes via indirect mechanisms involving IL-10. Overexpression of MHCI on DP thymocytes can interfere with thymocyte maturation and may contribute to HIV-1-induced thymocyte depletion.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk