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Cell Mol Life Sci. 1999 Apr;55(4):663-7.

Factor(s) from nonmacrophage bone marrow stromal cells inhibit Lewis lung carcinoma and B16 melanoma growth in mice.

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  • 1Centre for Experimental Pathology, Istituto Cantonale di Patologia, Locarno, Switzerland. icpcps@guest.cscs.ch

Abstract

Bone marrow stroma produces positive and negative growth regulators which constitute the hematopoietic microenvironment. As many tumors metastasize to the bones, these regulators may also influence tumor growth. Hematopoietic cytokines may indeed exert both positive and negative effect on tumor growth. We report that, when mixed with tumor cells. adherent bone marrow cells inhibit primary tumor growth and metastases formation in mice transplanted with Lewis lung carcinoma or B16 melanoma. Peritoneal macrophages or lymph node cells did not exert any influence. The tumor inhibition was apparently due to soluble factor(s) released by marrow stromal cells. In cocultures with B16 melanoma cells, adherent bone marrow cells exerted a significant antiproliferative effect which was increased by previous culture of the bone marrow cells with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor but not with macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Neither neutralizing antibodies against tumor necrosis factor-alpha, transforming growth factor-beta or interferon alpha/beta nor addition of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide to generate inflammatory cytokines could affect the antiproliferative effect of bone marrow stromal cells. The bone marrow stroma factor(s) which inhibit tumor growth might, therefore, be a novel growth regulator.

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